Educational Opportunities and Territory: An Analysis of Public Education Enrollment’s Migration in Maule Region (Chile)
Shortcomings in the funding system, along to public policies that promote private schools at expense of public schools,
have infl uenced the emergence of a segregated school system that is accented in Chile by a marked inequality in the spatial
distribution of education providers. In fact, student migration from public to private schools may be understood as a strategy from
students and their families to deal with inequality in public education provision. This paper makes a study of migration from public
schools to private schools in Chile, using the Maule Region as case of study. It concludes that the main challenge of a regional
education policy is to promote collaboration within the public system to face competition from private education, improve quality
and equity of the system as a whole, and enhance the prestige of public schools.